Like most of the countries of the Caribbean, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (SVG) is heavily dependent on imported petroleum products for electricity generation, transportation, cooking, and other energy requirements. It has an energy mix with more than 96% petroleum base and about 3% hydro power with emerging contribution from solar PV and geothermal. The country is endowed with other potential indigenous sources including geothermal, solar thermal, wind and biomass. Mainland St. Vincent is the only island from the tiny island chain that constitutes St. Vincent and the Grenadines, which does not depend entirely on diesel generation for their electricity supply.
In response to the rising cost of fuel on the international market and the need to diversify the country’s energy mix with a higher proportion of renewable energy, the governmentestablished anEnergy Conservation Fund in 2008. This fund was capitalised by an input of EC $1 million per annum over a 3-year period.Under the Energy Conservation Fund, an Energy Conservation Programme was developed to promote indigenous sources of energy in the country. Following the expiration of the programme, the Energy Unit was established to assist with the formulation and implementation of Government’s policies related to energy, and to coordinate specific activities related to Government’s renewable energy and energy efficiency initiatives.
Electricity - production: 136 million kWh
Electricity – consumption: 126.5 million kWh
Total Installed Capacity – 52 MW
Installed Capacity (Hydro) – 5.6 MW
Peak Electricity Demand – 21 MW
Carbon Dioxide Emissions: 198,900 Mt